Venlafaxine is generally an antidepressant that is classified as a selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SSNRI) drug. Velafaxine affects the chemical reaction in the brain that can become unbalanced as a result of anxiety, depression, and sometimes chronic pain. Venlafaxine is commonly used in treating anxiety, major depressive disorder, and panic disorder among other similar conditions.
Venlafaxine is an SSNRI drug, with other drugs like desveblafaxine (Pristiq), duloxetine (Cymbalta), and milnacipran (Savella) forming the class. Venlafaxine affects the neurotransmitters in the brain that release chemicals to boost communication between the nerves. Neurotransmitters will either travel via space between nerves and will attach to receptors of the nerve surface, or they will attach to the nerves on the receptors from which they are produced and are then released only to be taken up again. In simpler words, when Venlafaxine starts to become active in the body, it will regulate the flow of chemicals in the brain, which alleviate anxiety, depression, and other similar conditions that can affect the psychological health of a person.
While Venlafaxine is generally regarded as an ideal treatment for anxiety and depression, it has to be used with precaution. For instance, if you have uncontrollable narrow angle glaucoma, or if you are receiving methylene blue injection treatment, then never consider using Venlafaxine as it can react differently with other active substances.
You should also refrain from using the medication if you have already taken MAO inhibitors in the last 14 days. MAO inhibitors generally include isocarboxazid, linezolid, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, and tranylcypromine. These substances can have an adverse physical and psychological reaction when not consumed with precaution. Once you stop using Venlafaxine, give yourself at least 7 days before you can start using an MAOI.
When used properly, Venlafaxine has few and mild side effects on the consumer. However, this will vary depending on your current health condition and the nature of your complication. Common side effects of Venlafaxine include:
Severe side effects, although very rare, include:
Generally, the adverse effects of Venlafaxine will wear off once the effects of the medication start to fade. That said, if you are still feeling one or more of the aforementioned side effects of the medication, then receive medical attention immediately.